Context: Collisions with trams: a key road safety issue
Yarra Trams operates the world’s largest tram network with more than 250 km of double track and more than 200 million passengers per year. It’s also unique in the world for the high portion of space the network shares with other road users. This produces significant conflict points between vehicles and trams, resulting in more than 1,100 vehicle-to-tram collisions each year, or more than three per day.
Currently, around 70% of vehicle collisions are due to vehicles merging ahead of a tram or performing a U-turn in front of a tram. These collisions can result in major damage to vehicles as well as serious injuries to drivers, tram employees and passengers.
Such collisions also have an impact on tram availability, with an average of 10 trams unavailable at peak service due to collision repairs. Moreover, collision repairs cost Yarra Trams nearly $3 million every year.